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What is the difference between a European and an American Doberman?

Hello everyone,

I have been researching about Dobermans and came across terms like European and American Dobermans. I am not sure what the difference is between the two, and I was hoping someone here could shed some light on this for me.

I am planning to bring a Doberman into my home, but before I do so, I want to ensure that I am making an informed decision about which type of Doberman to get. I have read that the temperament and physical appearance of the two types of Dobermans may vary, and I want to make sure that I get the one that suits my lifestyle and preferences.

Any personal experiences or insights into this topic would be greatly appreciated!

All Replies


Greetings everyone,

As a Doberman rescue worker, I want to add that whether you decide to adopt a European or an American Doberman, please consider adopting from a reputable rescue group or shelter. Many Dobermans are abandoned due to various reasons, and there are many wonderful Dobermans in need of loving homes.

One thing I have noticed regarding the differences between American and European Dobermans is that both breeds can be quite sensitive and can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. They crave attention and companionship from their owners, so it's essential to provide them with plenty of affection and company.

Dobermans, regardless of their breed, also need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They excel in various dog sports like agility, obedience, and tracking, and these activities allow them to channel their energy in constructive ways.

In my experience rescuing Dobermans, it's important to note that a dog's breed or genetic makeup does not dictate its behavior or personality entirely. Each dog is unique and can have different quirks and tendencies, so it's necessary to evaluate each dog's personality individually.

In conclusion, whether you decide to adopt a European or American Doberman, please consider adoption from a rescue group or shelter. Dobermans make great companions, but they require plenty of attention, exercise, and training to ensure that they thrive and live up to their full potential.


Hello everyone,

As an animal behaviorist, I would like to emphasize that genetics, environment, and socialization all play a significant role in shaping a dog's personality and behavior. While there may be some general differences between European and American Dobermans, it's crucial to remember that each dog is an individual and should be evaluated based on their unique characteristics.

When it comes to behavior issues, sometimes it can be challenging to determine whether the issue is genetic or based on how the dog was raised. For example, if a dog displays aggression towards other dogs, it could be due to genetic factors, lack of socialization, or negative experiences with other dogs.

It's also important to note that certain behaviors are more common in Dobermans, regardless of their breed. For example, Dobermans can be prone to anxiety and fear-related issues, which can manifest in a range of unwanted behaviors such as destructive chewing, excessive barking, and aggression towards people or other animals.

Therefore, one of the most important things you can do as a Doberman owner is to learn and understand dog body language, be patient and persistent in training, provide plenty of exercise and positive reinforcement, and seek professional help if needed.

In conclusion, while there may be differences between European and American Dobermans in terms of temperamental traits and physical appearance, each dog should be assessed based on its unique personality and needs. Proper socialization, training, and responsible ownership are critical to ensuring that your Doberman thrives and leads a happy and healthy life.


Good day,

As a dog trainer with years of experience working with both American and European Dobermans, I believe that it's essential to consider the different temperamental traits of these two types before choosing which one to bring into your home.

Simply put, European Dobermans tend to be more assertive, independent, and protective towards their owners and property. They have a reputation for being more territorial and suspicious of strangers, which makes them an excellent candidate for guard dog work.

American Dobermans, on the other hand, have a more natural tendency to be friendlier and more sociable with both people and other dogs. They are more adaptable to new environments and tend to be more laid back than their European counterparts.

It's important to understand that a Doberman's temperament is influenced by genetics, environment, and socialization. As mentioned by one of the contributors earlier, Dobermans require early and proper training and socialization to reach their full potential as loving and obedient pets.

I would also like to point out that while European Dobermans have the potential to be excellent guard dogs, they require an experienced owner who can handle their natural aggression and ensure that they are not a threat to others.

In conclusion, both American and European Dobermans have their unique personalities and temperaments. It's up to you to decide which one would be the best fit for your lifestyle and needs, but remember that early socialization, training, and responsible ownership are key to having a happy and well-adjusted Doberman in your home.


Hello everyone,

As a breeder of both European and American Dobermans, I wanted to give my perspective on the differences between the two breeds.

In my experience, European Dobermans tend to be more imposing and intimidating due to their larger size and blockier heads. They are more popular as guard and protection dogs than as family pets, although they can certainly adapt to life as a family pet with the right training and socialization.

American Dobermans tend to be more athletic and agile than their European counterparts, and they typically have longer muzzles and a more streamlined appearance. They are popular as both family pets and working dogs, and they tend to be more outgoing and sociable with people.

From a breeding standpoint, I have also noticed that European Dobermans tend to be more prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and cardiomyopathy, which can be a concern for potential owners. American Dobermans, on the other hand, tend to be healthier overall and have a longer lifespan on average.

All in all, both European and American Dobermans can make excellent pets and working dogs, but it ultimately comes down to personal preference and what you're looking for in a dog. As with any breed, it's important to do your research, find a reputable breeder, and make sure that you are equipped to handle the responsibilities of dog ownership before making a decision.


Hi there,

I have owned both European and American Dobermans and I can attest to the fact that there are some notable differences between the two breeds.

In terms of physical appearance, the European Doberman tends to be larger and more muscular than the American Doberman. Their heads are also slightly larger and more block-like. On the other hand, American Dobermans are leaner and more athletic, with a longer muzzle.

As for temperament, European Dobermans can be more assertive, protective, and intense. They make great guard dogs, but they can also be a bit more challenging to train and socialize, especially if you are a first-time Doberman owner.

On the other hand, American Dobermans are more friendly, sociable, and eager to please. They still make excellent watchdogs, but they are more flexible and adaptable to a wider range of living situations.

Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference and what you're looking for in a Doberman. If you're looking for a loyal and affectionate companion who is easy to train and socialize, then an American Doberman would be a good choice. However, if you're looking for a more protective and assertive dog who will excel in guarding duties, then a European Doberman may be more suitable.

Hope this helps!


Hey there,

I have owned only European Dobermans, and I have to say that they have proven to be loyal, fierce and confident companions. Unlike what was said about difficulty in training them, I personally didn't face any significant challenge with training my dog, and he's quite obedient and responsive. I believe that with proper training and socialization, any Doberman, regardless of its genetic make-up, can be well-behaved around people.

One of the things that I love about European Dobermans is the way that they look. They have a striking, impressive appearance that demands attention, particularly their distinctive head structure. These dogs are generally bigger and bulkier than their American counterparts, and I find that their physical presence can be quite intimidating to an intruder.

On the flip side, while they are protective and may seem aggressive sometimes, they can also be loving and affectionate pets. They are very loyal to their owners, and they thrive on attention and closeness. However, due to their sensitive nature, they require an owner who is willing to give them attention and affection, as well as purposeful exercise and some mental stimulation.

In conclusion, I think you should weigh your options, assess your lifestyle and your preferences, and then make your decision based on what suits you best. Whether European or American bred, Dobermans are intelligent, loyal, and loving dogs that can bring a lot of joy and companionship to their owners.

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